Sophie Scholl and The White Rose


Photo of Sophie Scholl

Photo of Sophie Scholl with her brother Hans Scholl (left) and Christoph Probst (right). The Nazi government executed all three by guillotine on 22nd February 1943.



Sophie Scholl was a member of the non-violent anti-Nazi resistance movement in Germany during the Second World War called The White Rose, active at Munich University between June 1942 and February 1943.


She is now recognised as one of the greatest heros in the history of Germany, because she gave up her life for the right to speak the truth and to stand up against the evil, destructive and violent Nazi government.


Her crime in the eyes of the Nazis was to distibute anti-war and anti-Nazi leaflets at Munich University. She knew the risks involved, but was prepared to face the consequences in the name of truth about what was happening to Germany at the time.


A series of six leaflets were produced by The White Rose, and these were distributed at Munich University by Sophie, her brother, and her friends. The leaflets were also smuggled out of Germany to the UK, where they were reprinted and dropped as anti-Nazi leaflets over Germany.


The result was a predictable violent reaction by the Nazis. They arrested Sophie, her brother Hans and Christoph Probst and put them on trial before the insane judge Roland Freisler. He found them guilty of High Treason and sentenced them to death by guillotine. Execution took place on the same day as the trial, 22 February 1943.


Sophie Scholl's last statement was this:


"How can we expect righteousness to prevail when there is hardly anyone willing to give himself up individually to a righteous cause. Such a fine, sunny day, and I have to go, but what does my death matter, if through us thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action?"


Roland Freisler was killed in an air raid on Berlin on 3rd February 1945. Few, if any, were sorry.